Study Group

Teacher Quality Gaps

In this project, we use comprehensive, longitudinal data on public school students, teachers, and schools from three “focus states”—Florida, North Carolina, and Washington—to document the evolution of TQGs in these states, examine the extent to which different labor market factors have contributed to these gaps, and identify the highest-leverage interventions for closing these gaps.

Importantly, the data we plan to draw upon cover a minimum of 15 years (in Florida) and up to 30 years (in Washington), allowing us to examine the evolution of TQGs as teachers come and go from schools and the percent of these gaps due to teacher and student sorting across districts, across schools within a district, and across classrooms within a school. We can also perform simulations to determine the extent to which different factors contribute toward the overall magnitude of inequity that is observed. And we can then use this information, combined with extant evidence on the effects of different types of interventions (e.g., the effects of recruitment or retention bonuses on teacher mobility), to simulate the extent to which one or more interventions might work to close such gaps.

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Goldhaber, D., Quince, V., & Theobald, R. (2019). Teacher quality gaps in U.S. public schools: Trends, sources, and implications. Phi Delta Kappan, 100(8), 14-19.
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Goldhaber, D., Quince, V., & Theobald, R. (2018). Has it always been this way? Tracing the evolution of teacher quality gaps in U.S. public schools. American Educational Research Journal, 55(1), 171-201.
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Goldhaber, D., Quince, V., & Theobald, R. (2018). How did it get this way? Disentangling the sources of teacher quality gaps across two states. CALDER Working Paper No. 209-1118-1.
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Goldhaber, D., Theobald, R., & Fumia, D. (2018). Teacher quality gaps and student outcomes: Assessing the association between teacher assignments and student math test scores and high school course taking. CALDER Working Paper 185.
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Goldhaber, D., Quince, V., & Theobald, R. (2016). Reconciling different estimates of teacher quality gaps based on value added. CALDER Policy Brief 14.

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OUR PUBLICATIONS

TEACHER RECRUITMENT & SELECTION

A long-standing researcher-practitioner partnership between CEDR and Spokane Public Schools (SPS) has connected data collected during the teacher hiring process in SPS to later teacher outcomes in SPS and other district in Washington

SCHOOL RESOURCES &
EQUITY

CEDR projects have investigated the connections between school resources (e.g., textbook adoption) and students' educational trajectories and outcomes.

POSTSECONDARY
EDUCATION

CEDR projects have explored the impact of programs like Washington's College Bound Scholarship program and students' postsecondary outcomes.

TEACHER PREPARATION & LICENSURE

CEDR projects including the Teacher Education Learning Collaborative (TELC; www.telc.us), the Improving Student Teaching Initiative (ISTI), and others have investigated the connections between specific teacher preparation experiences and measures collected during teacher licensure and later outcomes for teacher candidates.

SPECIAL EDUCATION &
CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION

CEDR has participated in several projects related to the participation of students with disabilities in career and technical education (CTE) and the extent to which this participation predicts later outcomes

TEACHER LABOR
MARKETS 

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN EDUCATION SYSTEMS & LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES

CEDR projects have investigated the connections between school resources (e.g., textbook adoption) and students' educational trajectories and outcomes.

CEDR has studied processes and outcomes in the teacher labor market like teacher collective bargaining agreements, teacher quality gaps, and teacher layoffs and their connections to student achievement

TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS & EFFECTIVENESS

CEDR projects have explored the impact of programs like Washington's College Bound Scholarship program and students' postsecondary outcomes.

TEACHER
PENSIONS

CEDR researchers have studied the teacher pension system in Washington and other states and investigated the connections between pensions systems and teachers' career paths and effectiveness.