The landmark 1983 report, A Nation at Risk, raised serious concerns over the achievement level of the nationís students, challenged policymakers and set in motion the accountability school reform movement. Individual states began adopting school accountability policies in the 1980s and 1990s and the movement reached the federal level with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in 2001. As a part of accountability, a number of states (and NCLB itself) require that schools that are deemed to be chronically failing students adopt various types of reform initiatives, from wholesale restructuring to the implementation of specific comprehensive school reform models. CEDR researchers have made important contributions to our knowledge of the implications of accountability and school reform initiatives. For more background on this, click here.
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